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Career Cluster Download/Print

Architecture and Construction

Career Cluster Description: Careers in designing, planning, managing, building and maintaining the built environment.

Occupation - Cluster Standard occupation title with associated career cluster. Annual
Openings Average number of job openings projected for each year.
Median
Wages Projected median annual wages.
Projected
New Jobs Projected numerical change in employment.
Growth
Rate Projected percent change in employment.
Pathway Career cluster pathway that outlines courses and training programs. Job Zone/
Education Categories developed by O*NET as indicators of the amount education, training, and experience needed to gain entry into profession.
  • Job Zone 1 = Little or no preparation (high school diploma or less)
  • Job Zone 2 = Some preparation (high school diploma)
  • Job Zone 3 = Medium preparation (trade certificate or associate’s degree)
  • Job Zone 4 = Considerable preparation (bachelor’s degree)
  • Job Zone 5 = Extensive preparation (master’s or doctorate degree)
Airline Pilots, Copilots & Flight Engineers - Architecture and Construction 25 $91,320 20 1.20% 4
Architects, Ex. Landscape & Naval - Architecture and Construction 120 $73,760 240 1.70% Design/Pre-Construction 4
Architectural & Civil Drafters - Architecture and Construction 120 $49,800 190 1.60% Design/Pre-Construction 4
Architectural & Engineering Managers - Architecture and Construction 315 $119,370 600 1.60% Design/Pre-Construction 5
Architecture Teachers, Postsecondary - Architecture and Construction 10 *** 20 1.00% Engineering and Technology 5
Boilermakers - Architecture and Construction 30 $72,680 20 0.80% Transportation Operations 3
Brickmasons & Blockmasons - Architecture and Construction 220 $46,780 320 1.40% Construction 2
Carpenters - Architecture and Construction 1020 $38,740 880 0.90% Construction 2
Cartographers & Photogrammetrists - Architecture and Construction 15 $56,200 30 2.40% Science and Mathematics 4
Cement Masons & Concrete Finishers - Architecture and Construction 315 $37,030 400 1.50% Construction 1
Civil Engineers - Architecture and Construction 570 $85,110 1490 2.50% Engineering and Technology 4
Coin, Vending & Amusement Machine Servicers & Repairers - Architecture and Construction 70 $31,560 -90 -1.20% Maintenance, Installation and Repair 2
Commercial Pilots - Architecture and Construction 60 $71,280 130 2.60% Transportation Operations 3
Construction & Building Inspectors - Architecture and Construction 210 $47,690 250 1.40% Construction 3
Construction & Related Workers, All Other - Architecture and Construction 85 *** 70 1.00% Maintenance, Installation and Repair ***
Construction Laborers - Architecture and Construction 2935 $30,650 3480 1.40% Construction 2
Construction Managers - Architecture and Construction 670 $72,630 1050 1.30% Management 4
Continuous Mining Machine Operators - Architecture and Construction 15 *** *** -0.30% Construction 2
Control & Valve Installers & Repairers, Ex. Mechanical Door - Architecture and Construction 80 $47,690 40 0.50% Maintenance, Installation and Repair 3
Cost Estimators - Architecture and Construction 370 $58,520 340 1.00% Engineering and Technology 4
Crane & Tower Operators - Architecture and Construction 60 $52,240 20 0.50% Transportation Operations 3
Drafters, All Other - Architecture and Construction 35 $49,030 60 1.90% Engineering and Technology ***
Dredge Operators - Architecture and Construction 10 $36,890 *** 0.30% Construction 2
Drywall & Ceiling Tile Installers - Architecture and Construction 185 $39,810 80 0.40% Construction 2
Earth Drillers, Ex. Oil & Gas - Architecture and Construction 40 $40,020 50 1.50% Construction 2
Electrical & Electronics Drafters - Architecture and Construction 45 $61,850 70 1.50% Design/Pre-Construction 3
Electrical & Electronics Repairers, Powerhouse, Substation & Relay - Architecture and Construction 55 $71,190 40 0.70% Construction 3
Electrical Power-Line Installers & Repairers - Architecture and Construction 370 $68,890 570 1.40% Construction 3
Electricians - Architecture and Construction 1565 $49,260 1680 1.30% Construction 3
Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers - Architecture and Construction 100 $52,430 -90 -1.00% Maintenance, Installation and Repair 2
Elevator Installers & Repairers - Architecture and Construction 50 *** 60 1.70% Maintenance, Installation and Repair 3
Engineering Teachers, Postsecondary - Architecture and Construction 80 $95,290 120 1.40% Science and Mathematics 5
Excavating & Loading Machine & Dragline Operators - Architecture and Construction 255 $37,140 230 1.10% Transportation Operations 2
Explosives Workers, Ordnance Handling Experts & Blasters - Architecture and Construction 50 $39,360 100 3.10% Construction 2
Floor Layers, Ex. Carpet, Wood & Hard Tiles - Architecture and Construction 15 $31,940 20 1.00% Construction 2
Floor Sanders & Finishers - Architecture and Construction 30 $37,920 20 0.90% Construction 2
Glaziers - Architecture and Construction 110 $36,140 130 1.40% Construction 2
Heating, Air Conditioning & Refrigeration Mechanics & Installers - Architecture and Construction 1080 $41,460 1860 2.00% Maintenance, Installation and Repair 3
Helpers, Construction Trades, All Other - Architecture and Construction 90 $28,060 100 1.70% Construction ***
Helpers--Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons & Tile & Marble Setters - Architecture and Construction 110 $32,940 110 1.50% Construction 2
Helpers--Carpenters - Architecture and Construction 90 $28,820 60 0.90% Construction 2
Helpers--Electricians - Architecture and Construction 415 $29,700 410 1.60% Construction 2
Helpers--Extraction Workers - Architecture and Construction 25 $35,190 20 0.90% Construction 2
Helpers--Installation, Maintenance & Repair Workers - Architecture and Construction 440 $29,980 400 1.20% Maintenance, Installation and Repair 2
Helpers--Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers & Stucco Masons - Architecture and Construction 35 $29,730 10 0.50% Construction 1
Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters & Steamfitters - Architecture and Construction 350 $31,260 450 2.10% Construction 2
Helpers--Roofers - Architecture and Construction 65 $28,920 70 1.70% Construction 2
Highway Maintenance Workers - Architecture and Construction 210 $31,670 150 0.80% Construction 2
Hoist & Winch Operators - Architecture and Construction 5 $36,480 *** -0.40% Transportation Operations 2
Home Appliance Repairers - Architecture and Construction 65 $36,790 50 0.80% Teaching/Training 2
Insulation Workers, Floor, Ceiling & Wall - Architecture and Construction 80 $29,280 20 0.30% Construction 2
Insulation Workers, Mechanical - Architecture and Construction 60 $37,020 100 1.80% Construction 2
Interior Designers - Architecture and Construction 100 $45,910 40 0.40% Professional Sales and Marketing 4
Landscape Architects - Architecture and Construction 20 $74,620 50 1.90% Design/Pre-Construction 4
Maintenance & Repair Workers, General - Architecture and Construction 3605 $36,780 3980 1.20% Construction 3
Manufactured Building & Mobile Home Installers - Architecture and Construction 10 *** *** -0.40% Construction 2
Mechanical Door Repairers - Architecture and Construction 25 $41,820 30 1.10% Maintenance, Installation and Repair 2
Mechanical Drafters - Architecture and Construction 135 $56,620 190 1.40% Design/Pre-Construction 3
Millwrights - Architecture and Construction 90 $48,520 30 0.40% Maintenance, Installation and Repair 2
Mining Machine Operators, All Other - Architecture and Construction 15 *** *** -0.20% Construction ***
Operating Engineers & Other Construction Equipment Operators - Architecture and Construction 620 $38,400 660 1.30% Transportation Operations 2
Operations Research Analysts - Architecture and Construction 210 $66,150 810 3.80% Business Analysis 5
Painters, Construction & Maintenance - Architecture and Construction 505 $34,070 450 0.80% Construction 2
Paperhangers - Architecture and Construction 5 $45,770 *** 1.20% Construction 2
Paving, Surfacing & Tamping Equipment Operators - Architecture and Construction 270 $34,930 240 1.00% Construction 2
Pipelayers - Architecture and Construction 180 $34,160 180 1.20% Construction 2
Plasterers & Stucco Masons - Architecture and Construction 25 $41,770 20 1.00% Construction 1
Plumbers, Pipefitters & Steamfitters - Architecture and Construction 1020 $47,170 1500 1.80% Construction ***
Railroad Conductors & Yardmasters - Architecture and Construction 45 $64,470 -70 -1.20% Construction 2
Refractory Materials Repairers, Ex. Brickmasons - Architecture and Construction 10 $38,810 -20 -1.50% 2
Reinforcing Iron & Rebar Workers - Architecture and Construction 35 $40,160 30 1.00% Construction 2
Riggers - Architecture and Construction 25 *** 30 1.40% Construction 2
Rock Splitters, Quarry - Architecture and Construction 10 $35,840 10 1.90% 1
Roofers - Architecture and Construction 260 $32,780 350 1.50% Construction 2
Rotary Drill Operators, Oil & Gas - Architecture and Construction 5 $45,030 10 2.10% Construction 2
Security & Fire Alarm Systems Installers - Architecture and Construction 240 $49,670 330 1.70% Maintenance/Operations 3
Septic Tank Servicers & Sewer Pipe Cleaners - Architecture and Construction 55 $33,210 60 1.60% Construction 1
Sheet Metal Workers - Architecture and Construction 320 $44,190 220 0.80% Production 2
Signal & Track Switch Repairers - Architecture and Construction 10 $67,570 *** -0.20% Construction 3
Sociology Teachers, Postsecondary - Architecture and Construction 25 $19,440 30 1.00% Construction 5
Software Developers, Systems Software - Architecture and Construction 450 $92,210 1450 3.10% Information Support and Services 4
Stationary Engineers & Boiler Operators - Architecture and Construction 65 $55,610 -40 -0.60% Construction 3
Stonemasons - Architecture and Construction 20 $38,260 40 1.70% Construction 3
Structural Iron & Steel Workers - Architecture and Construction 130 $43,420 110 1.00% Construction 2
Structural Metal Fabricators & Fitters - Architecture and Construction 185 $36,360 -230 -1.20% Production 3
Supervisors of Construction & Extraction Workers - Architecture and Construction 1160 $55,520 1270 1.20% 3
Surveying & Mapping Technicians - Architecture and Construction 185 $39,300 260 1.70% Maintenance, Installation and Repair 3
Surveyors - Architecture and Construction 85 $45,900 200 2.30% Design/Pre-Construction 4
Tapers - Architecture and Construction 10 *** 10 0.20% Construction 2
Tile & Marble Setters - Architecture and Construction 70 $36,160 80 1.10% Construction 2
Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators & Tenders, Ex. Sawing - Architecture and Construction 220 $28,030 120 0.70% Production 2

Architecture and Construction Pathways

  • Design/Pre-Construction

    Pathway Description: People with careers in design/pre-construction create our future! They turn a concept into a set of plans. Their plans guide other construction professionals as they continue the building process.

    Secondary CTE Courses

    Introduction to the Built Environment: This core course for the Architecture and Construction Career Cluster will build a knowledge base and technical skills in all aspects of the industry. Learners will be exposed to a broad range of architecture and construction careers and cluster foundation knowledge and skills including basic safety, plan reading, use of tools and equipment and basic rigging as well as how to employ positive work ethics in their careers. Possible student certifications to be earned include NCCER Core, RCA Series, Basic First Aid and CPR. Participation in SkillsUSA will reinforce cluster knowledge and skills. It is recommended that a construction mathematics course be offered in conjunction with this introductory skills course. This may be taught as a career exploration course in conjunction with other foundation Career Cluster courses.

    The Language of Architecture and Construction: Students will build the skills necessary to understand what is being communicated through drawings and documents and, in turn, convey ideas, duties and tasks to others in a form representing the industry. Students will use and follow industry-specific verbal and visual skills to accomplish workplace/job-site communications. Students will exhibit public relations skills and enhance communication skills by listening to and speaking with a variety of individuals. Students will learn universal signs and symbols such as colors, flags, stakes and hand signals to function safely in the workplace.

    Information Technology Applications: Students will use technology tools to manage personal schedules and contact information, create memos and notes, prepare simple reports and other business communications, manage computer operations and file storage, and use electronic mail, Internet applications and GIS to communicate, search for and access information. Students will develop skills related to word processing, database management and spreadsheet applications.

    Safety, Health and the Workplace Environment: Students will develop in-depth skills for maintaining a safe and productive environment including following regulations to perform inspections, participate in emergency response teams to perform emergency drills, identify unsafe conditions and take corrective actions, and provide a safety orientation to train other employees in safe practices and emergency procedures. Students will ensure that equipment is being used safely in the workplace by training others to use equipment safely, suggest processes and procedures to support safety, and fulfill safety and health requirements for maintenance, installation and repair. Students will monitor equipment and operator performance to assure workplace safety and compliance with both company and national regulations. Efforts will be made to ensure all practices teach students how to accommodate individuals with varying physical abilities. It is suggested that the requirements for OSHA-10 be completed by the end of the 11th grade.

    Principles of Design and Pre-Construction: This course provides an overview of processes used in design and pre-construction. Students will develop problem-solving and critical-thinking skills by identifying the relationship between available resources and requirements of a project/problem to accomplish realistic planning. Students will employ basic methods of data collection and analysis to provide potential clients with information for projects.

    Applications in Design and Pre-Construction: Students will develop skills that relate to design and pre-construction. Course content will include steps for managing project assignments in a timely manner and developing skills for working as individuals and as team members to accomplish assignments. Students will complete a capstone project in their work-based learning experience that utilizes the knowledge and skills learned in the Design and Pre-Construction Pathway.

    Other Courses and Elective Activities: SkillsUSA

  • Construction

    Pathway Description: Employees in construction literally build our future! These are the people who build and remodel houses, apartments, industrial buildings, warehouses, office buildings, churches, schools and recreational facilities. This pathway also includes the builders of highways, streets, bridges, tunnels and airports as well as power plants, chemical plants, refineries and mills.

    Secondary CTE Courses

    Introduction to the Built Environment: This core course for the Architecture and Construction Career Cluster will build a knowledge base and technical skills in all aspects of the industry. Learners will be exposed to a broad range of architecture and construction careers and cluster foundation knowledge and skills including basic safety, plan reading, use of tools and equipment and basic rigging as well as how to employ positive work ethics in their careers. Possible student certifications to be earned include NCCER Core, RCA Series, Basic First Aid and CPR. Participation in SkillsUSA will reinforce cluster knowledge and skills. It is recommended that a construction mathematics course be offered in conjunction with this introductory skills course. This may be taught as a career exploration course in conjunction with other foundation Career Cluster courses.

    The Language of Architecture and Construction: Students will build the skills necessary to understand what is being communicated through drawings and documents and, in turn, convey ideas, duties and tasks to others in a form representing the industry. Students will use and follow industry-specific verbal and visual skills to accomplish workplace/job-site communications. Students will exhibit public relations skills and enhance communication skills by listening to and speaking with a variety of individuals. Students will learn universal signs and symbols such as colors, flags, stakes and hand signals to function safely in the workplace.

    Information Technology Applications: Students will use technology tools to manage personal schedules and contact information, create memos and notes, prepare simple reports and other business communications, manage computer operations and file storage, and use electronic mail, Internet applications and GIS to communicate, search for and access information. Students will develop skills related to word processing, database management and spreadsheet applications.

    Safety, Health and the Workplace Environment: Students will develop in-depth skills for maintaining a safe and productive environment including following regulations to perform inspections, participate in emergency response teams to perform emergency drills, identify unsafe conditions and take corrective actions, and provide a safety orientation to train other employees in safe practices and emergency procedures. Students will ensure that equipment is being used safely in the workplace, suggest processes and procedures to support safety in the workplace, and fulfill safety and health requirements for maintenance, installation and repair. Students will monitor equipment and operator performance to assure workplace safety and compliance with both company and national regulations.

    Principles of Construction: This course provides an overview of the total construction process including the safe use of tools and equipment, city and regional planning, construction management, contracting, labor and management relations, the design process, methods and materials, estimating and bidding, scheduling and purchasing, construction, and equipment. Students will develop problem-solving and critical-thinking skills by identifying the relationship between available resources and requirements of a project/problem to accomplish realistic planning and reinforce quality and resource management.

    Applications in Construction: Students will develop skills that relate to the construction industry. Course content will include scheduling, estimating, steps for managing project assignments in a timely manner, and development of skills for working as individuals and as team members to accomplish assignments. Math skills us

    Other Courses and Elective Activities: SkillsUSA

  • Maintenance/Operations

    Pathway Description: Employees with careers in maintenance/operations keep our future intact! These are the people who unload, inspect, and move new equipment into position. They determine the optimal placement of machines in a plant, assemble machinery, install machinery, repair machinery and perform preventive maintenance. They detect, diagnose and correct minor problems on machinery. They keep the structure of an establishment in good repair. They maintain the smooth operation of refineries, power plants, chemical plants and mills.

    Secondary CTE Courses

    Introduction to the Built Environment: This core course for the Architecture and Construction Career Cluster will build a knowledge base and technical skills in all aspects of the industry. Learners will be exposed to a broad range of architecture and construction careers and cluster foundation knowledge and skills including basic safety, plan reading, use of tools and equipment and basic rigging as well as how to employ positive work ethics in their careers. Possible student certifications to be earned include NCCER Core, RCA Series, Basic First Aid and CPR. Participation in SkillsUSA will reinforce cluster knowledge and skills. It is recommended that a construction mathematics course be offered in conjunction with this introductory skills course. This may be taught as a career exploration course in conjunction with other foundation Career Cluster courses.

    The Language of Architecture and Construction: Students will build the skills necessary to understand what is being communicated through drawings and documents and, in turn, convey ideas, duties and tasks to others in a form representing the industry. Students will use and follow industry-specific verbal and visual skills to accomplish workplace/job-site communications. Students will exhibit public relations skills and enhance communication skills by listening to and speaking with a variety of individuals. Students will learn universal signs and symbols such as colors, flags, stakes and hand signals to function safely in the workplace.

    Information Technology Applications: Students will use technology tools to manage personal schedules and contact information, create memos and notes, prepare simple reports and other business communications, manage computer operations and file storage, and use electronic mail, Internet applications and GIS to communicate, search for and access information. Students will develop skills related to word processing, database management and spreadsheet applications.

    Safety, Health and the Workplace Environment: Students will develop in-depth skills for maintaining a safe and productive environment including following regulations to perform inspections, participate in emergency response teams to perform emergency drills, identify unsafe conditions and take corrective actions, and provide a safety orientation to train other employees in safe practices and emergency procedures. Students will ensure that equipment is being used safely in the workplace, suggest processes and procedures to support safety in the workplace, and fulfill safety and health requirements for maintenance, installation and repair. Students will monitor equipment and operator performance to assure workplace safety and compliance with both company and national regulations.

    Principles of Maintenance and Operations: This course provides an overview of processes used in maintenance and operations occupations within the Architecture and Construction Career Cluster. Students will develop problem-solving and critical-thinking skills by identifying the relationship between available resources and requirements of a project/problem to accomplish realistic planning. Students will employ basic methods of data collection and analysis to provide potential clients with information for projects.

    Applications in Maintenance and Operations: Students will develop skills that relate to commissioning maintenance and operations. Course content will include steps for managing project assignments in a timely manner and development of skills for working as individuals and as team members to accomplish assignments. Students will complete a project that utilizes the knowledge and skills learned in the Maintenance and Operations Pathway

    Other Courses and Elective Activities: SkillsUSA

Additional Pathways
  • Construction & Building Inspectors
  • Installation
  • Repair
Programs of Study

The Perkins crosswalk of educational programs of study to occupations identifies a number of programs relevant to this career cluster:

  • 04.0201 Architecture.
  • 04.0401 Environmental Design/Architecture.
  • 04.0501 Interior Architecture.
  • 04.0601 Landscape Architecture.
  • 04.0801 Architectural History and Criticism, General.
  • 04.0901 Architectural Technology/Technician.
  • 04.0902 Architectural and Building Sciences/Technology.
  • 04.0999 Architectural Sciences and Technology, Other.
  • 04.1001 Real Estate Development.
  • 04.9999 Architecture and Related Services, Other.
  • 46.0000 Construction Trades, General.
  • 46.0101 Mason/Masonry.
  • 46.0201 Carpentry/Carpenter.
  • 46.0301 Electrical and Power Transmission Installation/Installer, General.
  • 46.0302 Electrician.
  • 46.0303 Lineworker.
  • 46.0399 Electrical and Power Transmission Installers, Other.
  • 46.0401 Building/Property Maintenance.
  • 46.0402 Concrete Finishing/Concrete Finisher.
  • 46.0403 Building/Home/Construction Inspection/Inspector.
  • 46.0404 Drywall Installation/Drywaller.
  • 46.0406 Glazier.
  • 46.0408 Painting/Painter and Wall Coverer.
  • 46.0410 Roofer.
  • 46.0411 Metal Building Assembly/Assembler.
  • 46.0412 Building/Construction Site Management/Manager.
  • 46.0413 Carpet, Floor, and Tile Worker.
  • 46.0414 Insulator.
  • 46.0415 Building Construction Technology.
  • 46.0499 Building/Construction Finishing, Management, and Inspection, Other.
  • 46.0502 Pipefitting/Pipefitter and Sprinkler Fitter.
  • 46.0503 Plumbing Technology/Plumber.
  • 46.0504 Well Drilling/Driller.
  • 46.0505 Blasting/Blaster.
  • 46.0599 Plumbing and Related Water Supply Services, Other.
  • 46.9999 Construction Trades, Other.
  • 47.0110 Security System Installation, Repair, and Inspection Technology/Technician.
  • 47.0201 Heating, Air Conditioning, Ventilation and Refrigeration Maintenance Technology/Technician.
  • 48.0509 Ironworking/Ironworker.
  • 48.0801 Boilermaking/Boilermaker.
  • 49.0202 Construction/Heavy Equipment/Earthmoving Equipment Operation.
  • 49.0206 Mobil Crane Operation/Operator.
  • 49.0304 Diver, Professional and Instructor.
  • 50.0408 Interior Design.
  • 52.2001 Construction Management.
  • 15.0101 Architectural Engineering Technology/Technician.
  • 15.0201 Civil Engineering Technology/Technician.
  • 15.0503 Energy Management and Systems Technology/Technician.
  • 15.1001 Construction Engineering Technology/Technician.
  • 15.1303 Architectural Drafting and Architectural CAD/CADD.
  • 15.1304 Civil Drafting and Civil Engineering CAD/CADD.
  • 15.1305 Electrical/Electronics Drafting and Electrical/Electronics CAD/CADD.
  • 15.1306 Mechanical Drafting and Mechanical Drafting CAD/CADD.
  • 15.1399 Drafting/Design Engineering Technologies/Technicians, Other.
  • 19.0605 Home Furnishings and Equipment Installers.
  • 15.1303 Architectural Drafting and Architectural CAD/CADD

Career Cluster

Architecture and Construction

Career Cluster Description: Careers in designing, planning, managing, building and maintaining the built environment.

Occupation - Cluster Annual
Openings
Median
Wages
Projected
New Jobs
Growth
Rate
Pathway Job Zone/
Education
Maintenance & Repair Workers, General - Architecture and Construction 3605 $36,780 3980 1.20% Construction 3
Construction Laborers - Architecture and Construction 2935 $30,650 3480 1.40% Construction 2
Electricians - Architecture and Construction 1565 $49,260 1680 1.30% Construction 3
Supervisors of Construction & Extraction Workers - Architecture and Construction 1160 $55,520 1270 1.20% 3
Heating, Air Conditioning & Refrigeration Mechanics & Installers - Architecture and Construction 1080 $41,460 1860 2.00% Maintenance, Installation and Repair 3
Carpenters - Architecture and Construction 1020 $38,740 880 0.90% Construction 2
Plumbers, Pipefitters & Steamfitters - Architecture and Construction 1020 $47,170 1500 1.80% Construction ***
Construction Managers - Architecture and Construction 670 $72,630 1050 1.30% Management 4
Operating Engineers & Other Construction Equipment Operators - Architecture and Construction 620 $38,400 660 1.30% Transportation Operations 2
Civil Engineers - Architecture and Construction 570 $85,110 1490 2.50% Engineering and Technology 4
Painters, Construction & Maintenance - Architecture and Construction 505 $34,070 450 0.80% Construction 2
Software Developers, Systems Software - Architecture and Construction 450 $92,210 1450 3.10% Information Support and Services 4
Helpers--Installation, Maintenance & Repair Workers - Architecture and Construction 440 $29,980 400 1.20% Maintenance, Installation and Repair 2
Helpers--Electricians - Architecture and Construction 415 $29,700 410 1.60% Construction 2
Cost Estimators - Architecture and Construction 370 $58,520 340 1.00% Engineering and Technology 4
Electrical Power-Line Installers & Repairers - Architecture and Construction 370 $68,890 570 1.40% Construction 3
Helpers--Pipelayers, Plumbers, Pipefitters & Steamfitters - Architecture and Construction 350 $31,260 450 2.10% Construction 2
Sheet Metal Workers - Architecture and Construction 320 $44,190 220 0.80% Production 2
Cement Masons & Concrete Finishers - Architecture and Construction 315 $37,030 400 1.50% Construction 1
Architectural & Engineering Managers - Architecture and Construction 315 $119,370 600 1.60% Design/Pre-Construction 5
Paving, Surfacing & Tamping Equipment Operators - Architecture and Construction 270 $34,930 240 1.00% Construction 2
Roofers - Architecture and Construction 260 $32,780 350 1.50% Construction 2
Excavating & Loading Machine & Dragline Operators - Architecture and Construction 255 $37,140 230 1.10% Transportation Operations 2
Security & Fire Alarm Systems Installers - Architecture and Construction 240 $49,670 330 1.70% Maintenance/Operations 3
Woodworking Machine Setters, Operators & Tenders, Ex. Sawing - Architecture and Construction 220 $28,030 120 0.70% Production 2
Brickmasons & Blockmasons - Architecture and Construction 220 $46,780 320 1.40% Construction 2
Operations Research Analysts - Architecture and Construction 210 $66,150 810 3.80% Business Analysis 5
Highway Maintenance Workers - Architecture and Construction 210 $31,670 150 0.80% Construction 2
Construction & Building Inspectors - Architecture and Construction 210 $47,690 250 1.40% Construction 3
Drywall & Ceiling Tile Installers - Architecture and Construction 185 $39,810 80 0.40% Construction 2
Surveying & Mapping Technicians - Architecture and Construction 185 $39,300 260 1.70% Maintenance, Installation and Repair 3
Structural Metal Fabricators & Fitters - Architecture and Construction 185 $36,360 -230 -1.20% Production 3
Pipelayers - Architecture and Construction 180 $34,160 180 1.20% Construction 2
Mechanical Drafters - Architecture and Construction 135 $56,620 190 1.40% Design/Pre-Construction 3
Structural Iron & Steel Workers - Architecture and Construction 130 $43,420 110 1.00% Construction 2
Architectural & Civil Drafters - Architecture and Construction 120 $49,800 190 1.60% Design/Pre-Construction 4
Architects, Ex. Landscape & Naval - Architecture and Construction 120 $73,760 240 1.70% Design/Pre-Construction 4
Glaziers - Architecture and Construction 110 $36,140 130 1.40% Construction 2
Helpers--Brickmasons, Blockmasons, Stonemasons & Tile & Marble Setters - Architecture and Construction 110 $32,940 110 1.50% Construction 2
Electromechanical Equipment Assemblers - Architecture and Construction 100 $52,430 -90 -1.00% Maintenance, Installation and Repair 2
Interior Designers - Architecture and Construction 100 $45,910 40 0.40% Professional Sales and Marketing 4
Millwrights - Architecture and Construction 90 $48,520 30 0.40% Maintenance, Installation and Repair 2
Helpers, Construction Trades, All Other - Architecture and Construction 90 $28,060 100 1.70% Construction ***
Helpers--Carpenters - Architecture and Construction 90 $28,820 60 0.90% Construction 2
Surveyors - Architecture and Construction 85 $45,900 200 2.30% Design/Pre-Construction 4
Construction & Related Workers, All Other - Architecture and Construction 85 *** 70 1.00% Maintenance, Installation and Repair ***
Insulation Workers, Floor, Ceiling & Wall - Architecture and Construction 80 $29,280 20 0.30% Construction 2
Engineering Teachers, Postsecondary - Architecture and Construction 80 $95,290 120 1.40% Science and Mathematics 5
Control & Valve Installers & Repairers, Ex. Mechanical Door - Architecture and Construction 80 $47,690 40 0.50% Maintenance, Installation and Repair 3
Tile & Marble Setters - Architecture and Construction 70 $36,160 80 1.10% Construction 2
Coin, Vending & Amusement Machine Servicers & Repairers - Architecture and Construction 70 $31,560 -90 -1.20% Maintenance, Installation and Repair 2
Home Appliance Repairers - Architecture and Construction 65 $36,790 50 0.80% Teaching/Training 2
Helpers--Roofers - Architecture and Construction 65 $28,920 70 1.70% Construction 2
Stationary Engineers & Boiler Operators - Architecture and Construction 65 $55,610 -40 -0.60% Construction 3
Insulation Workers, Mechanical - Architecture and Construction 60 $37,020 100 1.80% Construction 2
Commercial Pilots - Architecture and Construction 60 $71,280 130 2.60% Transportation Operations 3
Crane & Tower Operators - Architecture and Construction 60 $52,240 20 0.50% Transportation Operations 3
Septic Tank Servicers & Sewer Pipe Cleaners - Architecture and Construction 55 $33,210 60 1.60% Construction 1
Electrical & Electronics Repairers, Powerhouse, Substation & Relay - Architecture and Construction 55 $71,190 40 0.70% Construction 3
Explosives Workers, Ordnance Handling Experts & Blasters - Architecture and Construction 50 $39,360 100 3.10% Construction 2
Elevator Installers & Repairers - Architecture and Construction 50 *** 60 1.70% Maintenance, Installation and Repair 3
Railroad Conductors & Yardmasters - Architecture and Construction 45 $64,470 -70 -1.20% Construction 2
Electrical & Electronics Drafters - Architecture and Construction 45 $61,850 70 1.50% Design/Pre-Construction 3
Earth Drillers, Ex. Oil & Gas - Architecture and Construction 40 $40,020 50 1.50% Construction 2
Drafters, All Other - Architecture and Construction 35 $49,030 60 1.90% Engineering and Technology ***
Helpers--Painters, Paperhangers, Plasterers & Stucco Masons - Architecture and Construction 35 $29,730 10 0.50% Construction 1
Reinforcing Iron & Rebar Workers - Architecture and Construction 35 $40,160 30 1.00% Construction 2
Boilermakers - Architecture and Construction 30 $72,680 20 0.80% Transportation Operations 3
Floor Sanders & Finishers - Architecture and Construction 30 $37,920 20 0.90% Construction 2
Sociology Teachers, Postsecondary - Architecture and Construction 25 $19,440 30 1.00% Construction 5
Helpers--Extraction Workers - Architecture and Construction 25 $35,190 20 0.90% Construction 2
Airline Pilots, Copilots & Flight Engineers - Architecture and Construction 25 $91,320 20 1.20% 4
Plasterers & Stucco Masons - Architecture and Construction 25 $41,770 20 1.00% Construction 1
Mechanical Door Repairers - Architecture and Construction 25 $41,820 30 1.10% Maintenance, Installation and Repair 2
Riggers - Architecture and Construction 25 *** 30 1.40% Construction 2
Landscape Architects - Architecture and Construction 20 $74,620 50 1.90% Design/Pre-Construction 4
Stonemasons - Architecture and Construction 20 $38,260 40 1.70% Construction 3
Mining Machine Operators, All Other - Architecture and Construction 15 *** *** -0.20% Construction ***
Floor Layers, Ex. Carpet, Wood & Hard Tiles - Architecture and Construction 15 $31,940 20 1.00% Construction 2
Cartographers & Photogrammetrists - Architecture and Construction 15 $56,200 30 2.40% Science and Mathematics 4
Continuous Mining Machine Operators - Architecture and Construction 15 *** *** -0.30% Construction 2
Rock Splitters, Quarry - Architecture and Construction 10 $35,840 10 1.90% 1
Tapers - Architecture and Construction 10 *** 10 0.20% Construction 2
Dredge Operators - Architecture and Construction 10 $36,890 *** 0.30% Construction 2
Refractory Materials Repairers, Ex. Brickmasons - Architecture and Construction 10 $38,810 -20 -1.50% 2
Manufactured Building & Mobile Home Installers - Architecture and Construction 10 *** *** -0.40% Construction 2
Architecture Teachers, Postsecondary - Architecture and Construction 10 *** 20 1.00% Engineering and Technology 5
Signal & Track Switch Repairers - Architecture and Construction 10 $67,570 *** -0.20% Construction 3
Hoist & Winch Operators - Architecture and Construction 5 $36,480 *** -0.40% Transportation Operations 2
Rotary Drill Operators, Oil & Gas - Architecture and Construction 5 $45,030 10 2.10% Construction 2
Paperhangers - Architecture and Construction 5 $45,770 *** 1.20% Construction 2

Architecture and Construction Pathways

  • Design/Pre-Construction

    Pathway Description: People with careers in design/pre-construction create our future! They turn a concept into a set of plans. Their plans guide other construction professionals as they continue the building process.

    Secondary CTE Courses

    Introduction to the Built Environment: This core course for the Architecture and Construction Career Cluster will build a knowledge base and technical skills in all aspects of the industry. Learners will be exposed to a broad range of architecture and construction careers and cluster foundation knowledge and skills including basic safety, plan reading, use of tools and equipment and basic rigging as well as how to employ positive work ethics in their careers. Possible student certifications to be earned include NCCER Core, RCA Series, Basic First Aid and CPR. Participation in SkillsUSA will reinforce cluster knowledge and skills. It is recommended that a construction mathematics course be offered in conjunction with this introductory skills course. This may be taught as a career exploration course in conjunction with other foundation Career Cluster courses.

    The Language of Architecture and Construction: Students will build the skills necessary to understand what is being communicated through drawings and documents and, in turn, convey ideas, duties and tasks to others in a form representing the industry. Students will use and follow industry-specific verbal and visual skills to accomplish workplace/job-site communications. Students will exhibit public relations skills and enhance communication skills by listening to and speaking with a variety of individuals. Students will learn universal signs and symbols such as colors, flags, stakes and hand signals to function safely in the workplace.

    Information Technology Applications: Students will use technology tools to manage personal schedules and contact information, create memos and notes, prepare simple reports and other business communications, manage computer operations and file storage, and use electronic mail, Internet applications and GIS to communicate, search for and access information. Students will develop skills related to word processing, database management and spreadsheet applications.

    Safety, Health and the Workplace Environment: Students will develop in-depth skills for maintaining a safe and productive environment including following regulations to perform inspections, participate in emergency response teams to perform emergency drills, identify unsafe conditions and take corrective actions, and provide a safety orientation to train other employees in safe practices and emergency procedures. Students will ensure that equipment is being used safely in the workplace by training others to use equipment safely, suggest processes and procedures to support safety, and fulfill safety and health requirements for maintenance, installation and repair. Students will monitor equipment and operator performance to assure workplace safety and compliance with both company and national regulations. Efforts will be made to ensure all practices teach students how to accommodate individuals with varying physical abilities. It is suggested that the requirements for OSHA-10 be completed by the end of the 11th grade.

    Principles of Design and Pre-Construction: This course provides an overview of processes used in design and pre-construction. Students will develop problem-solving and critical-thinking skills by identifying the relationship between available resources and requirements of a project/problem to accomplish realistic planning. Students will employ basic methods of data collection and analysis to provide potential clients with information for projects.

    Applications in Design and Pre-Construction: Students will develop skills that relate to design and pre-construction. Course content will include steps for managing project assignments in a timely manner and developing skills for working as individuals and as team members to accomplish assignments. Students will complete a capstone project in their work-based learning experience that utilizes the knowledge and skills learned in the Design and Pre-Construction Pathway.

    Other Courses and Elective Activities: SkillsUSA

  • Construction

    Pathway Description: Employees in construction literally build our future! These are the people who build and remodel houses, apartments, industrial buildings, warehouses, office buildings, churches, schools and recreational facilities. This pathway also includes the builders of highways, streets, bridges, tunnels and airports as well as power plants, chemical plants, refineries and mills.

    Secondary CTE Courses

    Introduction to the Built Environment: This core course for the Architecture and Construction Career Cluster will build a knowledge base and technical skills in all aspects of the industry. Learners will be exposed to a broad range of architecture and construction careers and cluster foundation knowledge and skills including basic safety, plan reading, use of tools and equipment and basic rigging as well as how to employ positive work ethics in their careers. Possible student certifications to be earned include NCCER Core, RCA Series, Basic First Aid and CPR. Participation in SkillsUSA will reinforce cluster knowledge and skills. It is recommended that a construction mathematics course be offered in conjunction with this introductory skills course. This may be taught as a career exploration course in conjunction with other foundation Career Cluster courses.

    The Language of Architecture and Construction: Students will build the skills necessary to understand what is being communicated through drawings and documents and, in turn, convey ideas, duties and tasks to others in a form representing the industry. Students will use and follow industry-specific verbal and visual skills to accomplish workplace/job-site communications. Students will exhibit public relations skills and enhance communication skills by listening to and speaking with a variety of individuals. Students will learn universal signs and symbols such as colors, flags, stakes and hand signals to function safely in the workplace.

    Information Technology Applications: Students will use technology tools to manage personal schedules and contact information, create memos and notes, prepare simple reports and other business communications, manage computer operations and file storage, and use electronic mail, Internet applications and GIS to communicate, search for and access information. Students will develop skills related to word processing, database management and spreadsheet applications.

    Safety, Health and the Workplace Environment: Students will develop in-depth skills for maintaining a safe and productive environment including following regulations to perform inspections, participate in emergency response teams to perform emergency drills, identify unsafe conditions and take corrective actions, and provide a safety orientation to train other employees in safe practices and emergency procedures. Students will ensure that equipment is being used safely in the workplace, suggest processes and procedures to support safety in the workplace, and fulfill safety and health requirements for maintenance, installation and repair. Students will monitor equipment and operator performance to assure workplace safety and compliance with both company and national regulations.

    Principles of Construction: This course provides an overview of the total construction process including the safe use of tools and equipment, city and regional planning, construction management, contracting, labor and management relations, the design process, methods and materials, estimating and bidding, scheduling and purchasing, construction, and equipment. Students will develop problem-solving and critical-thinking skills by identifying the relationship between available resources and requirements of a project/problem to accomplish realistic planning and reinforce quality and resource management.

    Applications in Construction: Students will develop skills that relate to the construction industry. Course content will include scheduling, estimating, steps for managing project assignments in a timely manner, and development of skills for working as individuals and as team members to accomplish assignments. Math skills us

    Other Courses and Elective Activities: SkillsUSA

  • Maintenance/Operations

    Pathway Description: Employees with careers in maintenance/operations keep our future intact! These are the people who unload, inspect, and move new equipment into position. They determine the optimal placement of machines in a plant, assemble machinery, install machinery, repair machinery and perform preventive maintenance. They detect, diagnose and correct minor problems on machinery. They keep the structure of an establishment in good repair. They maintain the smooth operation of refineries, power plants, chemical plants and mills.

    Secondary CTE Courses

    Introduction to the Built Environment: This core course for the Architecture and Construction Career Cluster will build a knowledge base and technical skills in all aspects of the industry. Learners will be exposed to a broad range of architecture and construction careers and cluster foundation knowledge and skills including basic safety, plan reading, use of tools and equipment and basic rigging as well as how to employ positive work ethics in their careers. Possible student certifications to be earned include NCCER Core, RCA Series, Basic First Aid and CPR. Participation in SkillsUSA will reinforce cluster knowledge and skills. It is recommended that a construction mathematics course be offered in conjunction with this introductory skills course. This may be taught as a career exploration course in conjunction with other foundation Career Cluster courses.

    The Language of Architecture and Construction: Students will build the skills necessary to understand what is being communicated through drawings and documents and, in turn, convey ideas, duties and tasks to others in a form representing the industry. Students will use and follow industry-specific verbal and visual skills to accomplish workplace/job-site communications. Students will exhibit public relations skills and enhance communication skills by listening to and speaking with a variety of individuals. Students will learn universal signs and symbols such as colors, flags, stakes and hand signals to function safely in the workplace.

    Information Technology Applications: Students will use technology tools to manage personal schedules and contact information, create memos and notes, prepare simple reports and other business communications, manage computer operations and file storage, and use electronic mail, Internet applications and GIS to communicate, search for and access information. Students will develop skills related to word processing, database management and spreadsheet applications.

    Safety, Health and the Workplace Environment: Students will develop in-depth skills for maintaining a safe and productive environment including following regulations to perform inspections, participate in emergency response teams to perform emergency drills, identify unsafe conditions and take corrective actions, and provide a safety orientation to train other employees in safe practices and emergency procedures. Students will ensure that equipment is being used safely in the workplace, suggest processes and procedures to support safety in the workplace, and fulfill safety and health requirements for maintenance, installation and repair. Students will monitor equipment and operator performance to assure workplace safety and compliance with both company and national regulations.

    Principles of Maintenance and Operations: This course provides an overview of processes used in maintenance and operations occupations within the Architecture and Construction Career Cluster. Students will develop problem-solving and critical-thinking skills by identifying the relationship between available resources and requirements of a project/problem to accomplish realistic planning. Students will employ basic methods of data collection and analysis to provide potential clients with information for projects.

    Applications in Maintenance and Operations: Students will develop skills that relate to commissioning maintenance and operations. Course content will include steps for managing project assignments in a timely manner and development of skills for working as individuals and as team members to accomplish assignments. Students will complete a project that utilizes the knowledge and skills learned in the Maintenance and Operations Pathway

    Other Courses and Elective Activities: SkillsUSA

Additional Pathways
  • Construction & Building Inspectors
  • Installation
  • Repair
Programs of Study

The Perkins crosswalk of educational programs of study to occupations identifies a number of programs relevant to this career cluster:

  • 04.0201 Architecture.
  • 04.0401 Environmental Design/Architecture.
  • 04.0501 Interior Architecture.
  • 04.0601 Landscape Architecture.
  • 04.0801 Architectural History and Criticism, General.
  • 04.0901 Architectural Technology/Technician.
  • 04.0902 Architectural and Building Sciences/Technology.
  • 04.0999 Architectural Sciences and Technology, Other.
  • 04.1001 Real Estate Development.
  • 04.9999 Architecture and Related Services, Other.
  • 46.0000 Construction Trades, General.
  • 46.0101 Mason/Masonry.
  • 46.0201 Carpentry/Carpenter.
  • 46.0301 Electrical and Power Transmission Installation/Installer, General.
  • 46.0302 Electrician.
  • 46.0303 Lineworker.
  • 46.0399 Electrical and Power Transmission Installers, Other.
  • 46.0401 Building/Property Maintenance.
  • 46.0402 Concrete Finishing/Concrete Finisher.
  • 46.0403 Building/Home/Construction Inspection/Inspector.
  • 46.0404 Drywall Installation/Drywaller.
  • 46.0406 Glazier.
  • 46.0408 Painting/Painter and Wall Coverer.
  • 46.0410 Roofer.
  • 46.0411 Metal Building Assembly/Assembler.
  • 46.0412 Building/Construction Site Management/Manager.
  • 46.0413 Carpet, Floor, and Tile Worker.
  • 46.0414 Insulator.
  • 46.0415 Building Construction Technology.
  • 46.0499 Building/Construction Finishing, Management, and Inspection, Other.
  • 46.0502 Pipefitting/Pipefitter and Sprinkler Fitter.
  • 46.0503 Plumbing Technology/Plumber.
  • 46.0504 Well Drilling/Driller.
  • 46.0505 Blasting/Blaster.
  • 46.0599 Plumbing and Related Water Supply Services, Other.
  • 46.9999 Construction Trades, Other.
  • 47.0110 Security System Installation, Repair, and Inspection Technology/Technician.
  • 47.0201 Heating, Air Conditioning, Ventilation and Refrigeration Maintenance Technology/Technician.
  • 48.0509 Ironworking/Ironworker.
  • 48.0801 Boilermaking/Boilermaker.
  • 49.0202 Construction/Heavy Equipment/Earthmoving Equipment Operation.
  • 49.0206 Mobil Crane Operation/Operator.
  • 49.0304 Diver, Professional and Instructor.
  • 50.0408 Interior Design.
  • 52.2001 Construction Management.
  • 15.0101 Architectural Engineering Technology/Technician.
  • 15.0201 Civil Engineering Technology/Technician.
  • 15.0503 Energy Management and Systems Technology/Technician.
  • 15.1001 Construction Engineering Technology/Technician.
  • 15.1303 Architectural Drafting and Architectural CAD/CADD.
  • 15.1304 Civil Drafting and Civil Engineering CAD/CADD.
  • 15.1305 Electrical/Electronics Drafting and Electrical/Electronics CAD/CADD.
  • 15.1306 Mechanical Drafting and Mechanical Drafting CAD/CADD.
  • 15.1399 Drafting/Design Engineering Technologies/Technicians, Other.
  • 19.0605 Home Furnishings and Equipment Installers.
  • 15.1303 Architectural Drafting and Architectural CAD/CADD